Why It Exists
make:test command creates a unit test class so you can test your application.
When Should You Use It
All the time when you’re doing Test Driven Development (TDD).
Creating a new controller? Run this first.
Creating a new model? Run this first.
One of the things this command does that is super nice is that it distinguishes between tests that are used to test an endpoint (feature tests) and specific functions (unit tests). I highly recommend you setup a feature test for each controller before you create the controller so you can test each route as you add it to the controller. This will give you a quick way to make sure you didn’t break anything inadvertently. These tests are slower so you won’t want to run them all the time but if you have a continuous integration server it can run them for you.
Feature tests are stored in the “tests/Feature/”” directory.
For our examples, we’re going to create a Project module. To create our test class to test our
ProjectController we can run the following command.
This creates the following class:
I always change the
testExample() function to test the index route:
Now we can run the test and get the following results:
Unit tests are used to test specific functions and not a group of classes. They need to be quick to run so you can get quick feedback. 1/10th of a second per test should be your goal.
Unit tests are stored in the “tests/Unit/”” directory.
To create a unit test instead of a feature test you need to include the
--unit parameter when creating the class.
This will create the following test.
Laravel has some very helpful functions and facades to make testing easier. This section will discuss a couple of them.
assertDatabaseHas() is used to run a database query against a table to see if a set of conditions have been met.
One of the things I like to do is to create a “random” name that I can then query to see if my actions have been successful.
assertDatabaseMissing() in the inverse of
assertDatabaseHas() and it’s used to run a database query against a table to see if a set of conditions have not been met.
I like to start the test above with a call to
assertDatabaseMissing() to make sure I’m not testing for something that’s already in the database.
factory() facade is used to generate an instance of a class using it’s factory class:
Our next post in this series will discuss factory classes more so subscribe if you want to know more about them.
Helper Functions in Feature Tests
get() function is used to run an HTTP GET request against your application. You can then use
assertStatus() to check the return code.
$response->assertStatus(200); can also be replaced by
$response->assertOk();. I like how “Ok” is a little more expressive and you don’t need to remember 200 is the “correct” response code.
assertSeeText() function can be used to check if a response has some specific text.
post() function is use to run an HTTP POST request against your application. The
array passed as the second parameter contains all the parameters you would normally submit. The
withoutMiddleware() function is used below to make sure we can post the values without having to worry about the CSRF token being missing. I also added a check to
assertRedirect() because we would expected to be redirect to a page that would display our results.
actingAs() function allows you to set the currently logged in user so you can request authorization required routes:
Hopefully this has been as helpful to you as it has to me and check back soon for more artisan commands.
Scott is the Director of Technology at WeCare Connect where he strives to provide solutions for his customers needs. He's the father of two and can be found most weekends working on projects around his house with his loving partner.